What is X-ray | Uses, danger, procedure, precaution | Everything you must know

What is X-ray | Uses, danger, procedure, precaution | Everything you must know

X-ray report may seem like a simple paper for most people but actually, it is a Kryptoscreen which contains information about your body parts that is being scanned. Thus making the life of doctors, physicians, surgeons, dentists, nurses, scientists easier.

In medical science, X-ray technology is being used to detect problems varying from minor injury to big problems. If there is an inside injury that can’t be predicted without a second confirmation then the doctor recommends the patient to go for x-ray scans.

With X-ray reports, it makes it easier for the professional to determine what exactly is wrong with the bones. Is it a fracture or something else?

In other words, these reports help the doctor to study your case properly. And based on that it becomes easier for the doctor to determine the type of treatments that need to follow.

What is X-ray | x-ray machine reports | x-ray Reports

X-ray uses and it’s Danger

X-ray or x-radiation is electromagnetic radiation that passes through the object so it can produce that printed film. This x-ray has many uses and dangers too. The following are some of its uses and dangers.

Application of X-rays

Abnormality Detection 

Many hospitals and clinics use an x-ray to detect the abnormalities in the scanned object. Based on the scanned results, they derive various characteristics. They scan the human body part when one wants to look for bone structure and dental imaging. 

These scanned results help in the detection of medical problems, verifying the surgery results, and improving treatments.


The main application where this technology used is in forensics. This ray helps reveal the different structures that our naked eyes can’t see.

They are also used to locate foreign objects present based on traumatic and pathological changes.


X-ray is also mainly used in high-security areas. This ray is used to detect knives, guns, and other dangerous objects, which are hidden by dangerous criminals.

Use of X-rays in the medical field

  • Fractures: Detects any kind of fracture, tiny cracks in the bones. 
  • Infections: Widely used by the dentist to diagnose tooth infections.
  • Osteoporosis: Special X-ray technology is used to determine the bone density of an individual.
  • Bone Cancer: Used to determine bone cancer like bone tumours that can be easily detected with this.
  • Dental decay: Used by a dentist to test teeth for any decay or cavity.
  •  Blocked blood vessels: When our vessels get blocked, X-rays make it easy to determine. Since that contrast material carries iodine, which makes those sections easier to appear.
  • Breast Cancer: Mammograms, which are conducted using a special X-ray machine, helps in determining breast cancer by examining breast tissue.

This technology is also used in other industries apart from hospitals and clinics, they have been used in industry and airports to examine enclosed packages and items. 

The danger caused by an x-ray

Risk of Cancer

Undergoing an x-ray procedure also gives rise to several dangerous problems. One of them is having the risk of cancer

This doesn’t mean if someone undergoes the X-ray scanning process that person will get cancer. But, people who undergo frequent X-ray procedures have a high chance of risking their lives for cancer. 

This is because, when one undergoes an x-ray procedure, the rays are allowed to pass through patient cells to get the inside picture of the bones.

And, this harmful radiation is being absorbed by the cells present in our bodies. This makes some people more prone to cancer. That is the reason the doctor should limit unnecessary scanning as it increases the risk of cancer. 

Risk of heart problems

According to the medical news today. The endothelial cells in the blood vessels, which lead to the heart may get damaged and inflamed, and this inflammation can cause the risk of heart problems.

Therefore, when someone is planning to undergo such a test, make sure to get this test done with full safety measures and with the correct procedure. 

The most important thing to keep in mind is to consult a doctor before going for this test.

How the X-ray machine works

X-ray machines include various parts like a photographic plate, the x-ray tube, and lead shielding. The X-ray is generated by the X-ray tube using high-voltage electricity

The X-ray shielding is then used to direct the rays to the body part that needs to be tested. Because of the x-ray shielder, the ray is prevented from scattering in different ways. The photographic plate captures the image when the rays penetrate.

X-ray procedure to get x-ray reports

Whenever a patient undergoes a scanning test. The certified person who conducts this test requests the patient to lie on the side so it could be easy to place the test object between the machine being used and the photographic plate.

What is X-ray | Uses, danger, procedure, precaution | x-ray machine | x-ray procedure

When a patient undergoes this test, the body part of the patient is exposed to radiation for a few seconds so that image of that part gets captured by a photographic plate.

The image is then transferred to a computer and then evaluated by an expert healthcare professional or radiologist on the screen to determine the problem. 

It is the responsibility of the patient to remain still and calm when radiographers or expert healthcare professionals follow the x-ray procedure. The reason being this helps the radiographers to take a clean image with no blurriness.

They might even follow the X-ray procedure with a different angle, as multiple reports of the issue help in acquiring more detailed information.


Going through the x-ray procedure help doctor and professional to accurately determine the root cause of the problem.

And based on the x-ray report it helps them determine the type of treatments to go for.

Since this technology uses electromagnetic radiation, this may cause some serious health-related issues like risk of cancer, heart problems, etc. Therefore, doctors should limit the patient to go for frequent x-ray scans.

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